1957 - Founding of the Canada Council
With the founding of the Canada Council in 1957, the operations of both research councils shift. Now that the Canada Council is providing fellowships, scholarships and grants in aid of research to Canadian students and professors, the research councils need not do the same. Instead, they review applications for the Canada Council, linking scholars to the organization in an attempt to make sure that the best applicants receive funding. Aid to publications is still handled entirely by the research councils. With an increased workload, both councils are able to employ their secretary-treasurer, John Robbins, on a permanent basis. However, financially, things are still precarious, since now that the government is funding their activities, grants from the American foundations have mostly ceased. In order to avoid confusion with the new council, the Canadian Social Science Research Council renames itself the Social Science Research Council of Canada.